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Title: Changes in HSP gene and protein expression in natural scrapie with brain damage
Authors: Serrano, Carmen
Bolea, Rosa
Lyahyai, Jaber
Filali, Hicham
Varona, Luis
Marcos Carcavilla, Ane
Acín, Crisstina
Calvo Lacosta, Jorge Hugo
Serrano, Mª Magdalena
Badiola, Juan J.
Zaragoza Fernández, María Pilar
Martín Burriel, Inmaculada
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Serrano, C. [et al.]. Changes in HSP gene and protein expression in natural scrapie with brain damage. Veterinary Research 2011, 42:13, 12 p.
Abstract: Heat shock proteins (Hsp) perform cytoprotective functions such as apoptosis regulation and inflammatory response control. These proteins can also be secreted to the extracellular medium, acting as inflammatory mediators, and their chaperone activity permits correct folding of proteins and avoids the aggregation of anomalous isoforms. Several studies have proposed the implication of Hsp in prion diseases. We analysed the gene expression and protein distribution of different members of the Hsp27, Hsp70, and Hsp90 families in the central nervous system of sheep naturally infected with scrapie. Different expression profiles were observed in the areas analysed. Whereas changes in transcript levels were not observed in the cerebellum or medulla oblongata, a significant decrease in HSP27 and HSP90 was detected in the prefrontal cortex. In contrast, HSP73 was overexpressed in diencephalons of scrapie animals. Western blotting did not reveal significant differences in Hsp90 and Hsp70 protein expression between scrapie and control animals. Expression rates identified by real-time RT-PCR and western blotting were compared with the extent of classical scrapie lesions using stepwise regression. Changes in Hsp gene and protein expression were associated with prion protein deposition, gliosis and spongiosis rather than with apoptosis. Finally, immunohistochemistry revealed intense Hsp70 and Hsp90 immunolabelling in Purkinje cells of scrapie sheep. In contrast, controls displayed little or no staining in these cells. The observed differences in gene expression and protein distribution suggest that the heat shock proteins analysed play a role in the natural form of the disease.
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