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Title: El estado de inmunosupresión materna durante el periodo periparto aumenta la incidencia de desórdenes reproductivos
Other Titles: Relationships between peripheral maternal immune status during the peripartum period and postpartum reproductive disorders
Authors: Serrano, B.
Abdelfatah Hassan, A.
Almería de la Merced, Sonia
Uriarte Abad, Joaquín
López Gatius, F.
García Ispierto, I.
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Serrano, B., Abdelfatah-Hassan, A., Almería, S., Uriarte, J., López-Gatius, F., García-Ispierto, I. “El estado de inmunosupresión materna durante el periodo periparto aumenta la incidencia de desórdenes reproductivos”. En: 41 Jornadas de Estudio. XIV Jornadas sobre Producción Animal. AIDA. Zaragoza, España, 17 y 18 de mayo de 2011, pp.353-355. ISBN: 978-84-615-0062-8
Abstract: Pregnancy and peripartum period are characterised by transient changes in the maternal immune system, noticeable at the peripheral level. The aim of the study was to determinate the effect of placental retention and metritis on peripheral white blood cells in 91 pregnant dairy cows from day 200 of pregnancy to 30 postpartum. Blood samples were automatically analysed with HemaVet® Multispecies Haematology system and total and differential leukocyte counts were recorded. Data was statistically analysed using GLM repeated measures ANOVA to test the effect of reproductive disorders on peripheral white blood cells. Cows with placental retention had significantly lower leukocyte, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts (P<0.05), and cows with metritis had lower neutrophil and eosinophil counts (P<0.01) than cows not suffering reproductive disorders during the peripartum period. Day of pregnancy and parturition also affected peripheral lymphocyte and monocyte counts (P<0.01). Maternal immune dysfunction during the peripartum period may predispose to reproductive disorders postpartum
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