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Title: Kyoto and Mañana: A CGE analysis of Spanish Greenhouse Gas targets to 2020
Authors: Bourne, Michael Geoffrey
Philippidis, George
Quiroga, S.
Fernández Haddad, Z.
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: 16th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis: New Challenges for Global Trade in a Rapidly Changing World. 2013 Conference Papers: Shanghai, China, June 12-14, 2013: Shanghai, China, June 12-14, 2013
Abstract: Employing a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Spanish economy, this study explicitly aims to characterise the potential impact of Kyoto and European Union environmental policy targets on the Spanish economy up to 2020, with a particular focus on the agricultural sector. The model code is modified to characterise the emissions trading scheme (ETS), emissions quotas and carbon taxes, whilst emissions reductions are applied to all six registered greenhouse gases (GHGs). As extensions to this work, the study attempts to integrate both the use of ‘Marginal Abatement Cost’ (MAC) curves for potential emissions reductions within the agricultural sector, and econometric estimates of the effects of global warming on land productivity in Spain. The study includes a no action baseline (with 2007 as the benchmark year), in which GHGs are not restricted in any sector of the economy. This is compared to an emissions stabilisation scenario, in which the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is implemented, and all of Spain’s commitments under Kyoto, and various pieces of EU climate change legislation, are met. Under this scenario, the policy-induced price rises of polluting inputs and processes determines the allocation of emissions reductions amongst the various industries in the economy. Given the agricultural focus of the study, the modelling of emissions response in this sector is further enhanced by the inclusion of MAC curves. These map out an endogenous technological response to price rises, and the extent to which the emissions coefficient (e.g. N2O per Kg of fertiliser applied, or CH4 per head of cattle) can be reduced, such that the same quantity of input emits a smaller amount of GHGs. A flexible functional form is used to calibrate the MAC curves to data from the IIASAs GAINS model , which includes potential emissions reductions, and associated costs, of all major technological advances in agriculture currently ...
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ISSN: 2160-2115 (online)
Appears in Collections:[DOCIART] Artículos científicos, técnicos y divulgativos

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