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dc.contributor.authorGodfroid, Jacqueses_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarin Bastuji, B.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorSaegerman, C.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorBlasco Martínez, José Maríaes_ES
dc.identifier.citationRevue Scientifique Et Technique, 32(1), p. 27-42en
dc.description.abstractThe epidemiological link between brucellosis in wildlife and brucellosis in livestock and people is widely recognised. When studying brucellosis in wildlife, three questions arise: (i) Is this the result of a spillover from livestock or a sustainable infection in one or more host species of wildlife? (ii) Does wildlife brucellosis represent a reservoir of Brucella strains for livestock? (iii) Is it of zoonotic concern? Despite their different host preferences, B. abortus and B. suis have been isolated from a variety of wildlife species, whereas B. melitensis is rarely reported in wildlife. The pathogenesis of Brucella spp. in wildlife reservoirs is not yet fully defi ned. The prevalence of brucellosis in some wildlife species is very low and thus the behaviour of individual animals, and interactions between wildlife and livestock, may be the most important drivers for transmission. Since signs of the disease are non-pathognomonic, defi nitive diagnosis depends on laboratory testing, including indirect tests that can be applied to blood or milk, as well as direct tests (classical bacteriology and methods based on the polymerase chain reaction [PCR]). However, serological tests cannot determine which Brucella species has induced anti-Brucella antibodies in the host. Only the isolation of Brucella spp. (or specifi c DNA detection by PCR) allows a defi nitive diagnosis, using classical or molecular techniques to identify and type specifi c strains. There is as yet no brucellosis vaccine that demonstrates satisfactory safety and effi cacy in wildlife. Therefore, controlling brucellosis in wildlife should be based on good management practices. At present, transmission of Brucella spp. from wildlife to humans seems to be linked to the butchering of meat and dressing of infected wild or feral pig carcasses in the developed world, and infected African buffalo in the developing world. In the Arctic, the traditional consumption of raw bone marrow and the internal organs of freshly killed caribou or reindeer is an important risk factor.en
dc.subject.otherProducción y sanidad animales_ES
dc.titleBrucellosis in terrestrial wildlifeen
dc.typeJournal Contribution*
dc.subject.agrovocTransmisión de enfermedadeses
dc.subject.agrovocAnimal salvajees
dc.description.otherBrucella sppen
dc.description.otherLivestock/wildlife interfaceen
dc.bibliographicCitation.titleRevue Scientifique Et Techniqueen
Appears in Collections:[DOCIART] Artículos científicos, técnicos y divulgativos

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