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|Title:||Bridging the gap between national and ecosystem accounting|
Oviedo, José L.
Herruzo, A. Casimiro
Martínez Peña, Fernando
Pasalodos Tato, María
de Frutos, Pablo
Concepción, Elena D.
|Publisher:||Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (CSIC)|
|Citation:||Working Paper, 2017-04 (2017)|
|Series/Report no.:||Working Paper|
|Abstract:||National accounting either ignores or fails to give due values to a country´s ecosystem services, products, total income and environmental asset variations. To overcome these shortcomings, we develop a spatially-explicit extended ecosystem accounting framework, which we test in the Mediterranean forests of Andalusia (Spain). This framework goes beyond the production boundary of standard national accounting by considering four private activities (forestry, hunting, residential and private amenity) and six public activities (mushroom, carbon, water, recreation, landscape and threatened biodiversity). To keep valuation consistent with standard accounts, we simulate exchange values for non-market goods and services. Manufactured capital and environmental assets are also integrated. Upon comparing extended to standard accounts, our results are 3.7 and 2.9 higher for gross value added and total income, respectively. These differences are explained primarily by the undervaluation of recreation, landscape and threatened biodiversity, and the omission of private amenity, carbon and water activities in standard accounts. Extended accounts, with their implementation of simulated exchange values, demonstrate that standard accounts measures only 17% of Andalusian forest ecosystem services.|
|Appears in Collections:||[DOCIART] Artículos científicos, técnicos y divulgativos|
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