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dc.contributor.authorAzami, Hing Yahyaouies_ES
dc.contributor.authorDucrotoy, Marie J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorBouslikhane, Mohammedes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHattendorf, Janes_ES
dc.contributor.authorThrusfield, Mikees_ES
dc.contributor.authorConde Alvarez, Raqueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorMoriyón, Ignacioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorZúñiga Ripa, Amaiaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMuñoz Alvaro, Pilar Maríaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMick, Virginiees_ES
dc.contributor.authorBryssincks, Wardes_ES
dc.contributor.authorWelburn, Sue C.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorZinsstag, Jakobes_ES
dc.coverage.spatialProducción y sanidad animales_ES
dc.identifier.citationPlos One, vol. 13, num. 9, (2018)-
dc.description.abstractBovine tuberculosis (BTB) and brucellosis are major endemic zoonoses in ruminants in Morocco that impact on both animal and human health. This study presents an assessment of the epidemiological and socioeconomic burden of bacterial zoonoses in Sidi Kacem Province in Northern Morocco from a cross-sectional survey of 125 cattle and/or small ruminant-owning households. In total, 1082 sheep and goats were examined from 81 households. The single intradermal comparative cervical test to screen for bovine tuberculosis was undertaken on 1194 cattle from 123 households and all cattle were blood sampled. Cattle and small ruminant sera were tested for brucellosis using the standard Rose Bengal Test (sRBT) and the modified Rose Bengal Test (mRBT). Bacteriology was performed on 21 milk samples obtained from cattle that were seropositive for brucellosis for isolation and phenotyping of circulating Brucella strains. Individual and herd prevalence for BTB in cattle of 20.4% (95% CI 18%-23%) and 57.7% (95% CI 48%-66%), respectively, were observed in this study. The prevalence of brucellosis in cattle at individual and herd level was 1.9% (95% CI 1.2%-2.8%) and 9% (95% CI 4.5%-1.5%), respectively. Brucella pathogens were isolated from three cattle milk samples and were identified as B. abortus using Bruceladder® multiplex PCR and B. abortus biovar 1 by classical phenotyping. All small ruminants were seronegative to sRBT, two were positive to mRBT. A higher risk of BTB and brucellosis was observed in cattle in intensive livestock systems, in imported and crossed breeds and in animals from larger herds (>15). The three risk factors were usually present in the same herds, leading to higher transmission risk and persistence of both zoonoses. These results highlight the importance of implementing control strategies for both BTB and brucellosis to reduce productivity losses and the risk of transmission to humans. Prioritising control for BTB and brucellosis in intensive livestock production systems is essential for human and animal health.en
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.titleThe prevalence of brucellosis and bovine tuberculosis in ruminants in Sidi Kacem Province, Moroccoen
dc.typeJournal Contribution*
dc.bibliographicCitation.titlePlos Oneen
Appears in Collections:[DOCIART] Artículos científicos, técnicos y divulgativos

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