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Title: Urban water demand for manufacturing, construction and service industries: a microdata analysis
Authors: Gracia de Rentería, Pilar
Barberán Ortí, Ramón
Mur, Jesús
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua, (2021)
Abstract: This study analyses the industrial demand for urban water using a panel dataset of firms operating in the city of Zaragoza (Spain) and looking at three sectors (manufacturing, construction and services) disaggregated on 24 subsectors. Evidence in favour of using the marginal price rather than the average price is obtained, and the selection of the price is found to influence the value of the elasticities. Based on a translog cost function, the direct price elasticity of water (−0.86), the output elasticity (0.73) and the cross-price elasticities between water and capital, labour and supplies (being all of them substitutes) were estimated. By subsectors, the influence of price is only significant in those with a higher share of water in the total production cost. These results indicate that pricing can be used as a tool for managing water demand by promoting conservation of the resource. However, these results also indicate that the simultaneous use of other instruments is advisable to reinforce the impact of pricing policy on water consumption.
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Appears in Collections:[DOCIART] Artículos científicos, técnicos y divulgativos

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